Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum   

The Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum covers the first years of a child's education between the ages of birth and five years old and it applies to all children attending a setting or being looked after by a childminder. It will last until the end of their Reception Year at school.   

The aim of the Early Years Foundation Stage is to help young children to achieve the 'Every Chilld Matters' document and we work towards the five outcomes, which are for every child to:

    Be healthy

    Stay safe

    Enjoy and achieve

    Make a positive contribution

    Achieve economic well-being 

At Samuels we base our curriculum (children's learning experiences) on the Early Years  Foundation Stage and all our plans are interpreted imaginatively and creatively through play.  The Early Years Foundation Stage has a principled approach.  These principles are grouped into four themes:

A Unique Child: Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured.    

Positive Relationships: Children learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and/or a key person.

Enabling Environments: The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children's development and learning.

Learning and Development: Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of Learning and Development are equally important and interconnected.

The Early Years Foundation Stage is made up of six areas of Learning and Development. All areas of Learning and Development are connected to one another and are equally important. All areas of Learning and Development are underpinned by the principles of the Early Years Foundation Stage.  The Six areas of Learning and Development are:

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Children will be helped to develop a positive attitude and sense of well-being.  This inclusdes making relationships with others, learning to be self-confident, taking an interest in things, knowing what their own needs are, telling the difference between right and wrong and being independent.

Communication, Language and Literacy

This includes opportunities to speak, listen and communicate in a range of ways in different situations and for different purposes.  There will be opportunities to talk with other children and adults, to share and enjoy a range of books, rhymes, music, poetry and stories.  Children will be encouraged to develop writing and reading skills through lots of practical experiences.

Problem Solving, Reasoning and Numeracy

Babies’ and children’s mathematical development occurs as they play.  They will make connections and recognise patterns and relationships.  Children will develop an understanding of maths through stories, songs, games and imaginative play.  By the end of the Early Years Foundation Stage many children will become familiar with numbers and ideas such as ‘heavier then’ or ‘bigger’, use language to compare weight, size and shape and discover ways of solving practical problems.

Physical Development  

This area of learning will help to develop children’s skills of co-ordination, control, manipulation and movement.  Children will gain confidence in what they can do, enabling them to feel the positive benefits of being healthy and active.  

Knowledge and Understanding of the World 

Young children are naturally curious.  They will be encouraged to explore and find out about the world around them and ask questions about it.  Children will build with different materials and learn about everyday technology and what it is used for.  They will begin to find out about past events in their lives, their families’ lives and other cultures and beliefs.  They will have opportunities to explore indoors and outdoors, observe, make decisions, predict, investigate and find out how things change.  

Creative Development  

Creativity is fundamental to successful learning.  This area of learning includes art, music, dance, role-play and imaginative play.  Children will be encouraged to respond in their individual ways and express their own ideas, feelings and relationships through a wide range of experiences.


For further information, there is a useful webpage within the Department for Children, Schools and Families website relating to the Early Years Foundation Stage.  Click on the link:  

National strategies.standards for early years - DfE 

The new revised EYFS areas of development have changed slightly. However, this curriculum will be implemented from September 2012. If you would like to have a look at what it looks like, visit the following link:

 Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum Sep 2012